Written by: Shazwani Siroj
Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon in which dust, smoke, and other dry particulates obscure the clarity of the sky. The World Meteorological Organization manual of codes includes a classification of horizontal obscuration into categories of fog, ice fog, steam fog, mist, haze, smoke, volcanic ash, dust, sand, and snow. Sources for haze particles include farming, ploughing in dry weather, traffic, industry, and wildfires.Nowadays, haze often occurs when dust and smoke particles accumulate in relatively dry air. Industrial pollution can result in dense haze, which is known as smog.Since 1991, haze has been a particularly acute problem in Southeast Asia. The main source of the haze has been fires occurring in Sumatra and Borneo.In Southeast Asia,haze have been proofed to become a serious problem every year,particularly,between May to October due to the burning of forests,emission from power plants and also farming practices.Hence, we need to always be prepared if we are in a haze period to follow the precautions to protect ourself from any problem.
Well,we need to always avoid doing outdoor activities,especially outdoor sports. Children, pregnant women, the elderly, and those suffering from chronic illnesses, especially heart and respiratory disease, should remain indoors when haze hits unhealthy levels. Healthy adults should avoid unnecessary outdoor activities. If you must exercise outdoor, avoid exercising in highly congested areas near busy roads and freeways, particularly during rush hours.This is because,when we do outdoor activities, we will be more exposed to the haze as we breathed deeply, and we suck in pollutans deep in to our lungs. When weather conditions block the dispersal of smoke and other pollutants they concentrate and form a usually low-hanging shroud that impairs visibility and may become a respiratory health threat.In instance,you can also use an air purifier to keep the particulate levels low at home during haze. Choose an air purifier that is suitable for the size and type of your home and avoid air cleaners that generate ozone as they may generate more air pollutants.It is crystal clear, that avoiding outdoor acticites and using an purifier at home will help to protect ourself during haze season.
Furthermore,during haze season,you should consume at least 2 litres daily to ensure the toxins you end up absorbing from the haze are properly flushed out and ensure you are properly hydrated and increase the intake of fresh fruits and vegetables. They help the body to flush out toxins absorbed through the skin and lungs, and improve the immune system. Morever, taking more anti-inflammatory fruits and vegetables also help to reduce inflammation that may be triggered by harmful fine particles in the air.To make it more effective,you should also cut down on alcohol and coffee as they promote fluid loss and may leach nutrients from the body and lead to health complications.
On the other hand,wearing suitable mask during haze can help us to avoid exposure to the dirty particles in the air.According to The National Environmental Agency (NEA) advises those with existing heart or respiratory ailemnts, or those more susceptible to the effects of haze to wear a respiratory mask when outdoors.Respiratory masks, such as N95 masks, are designed to keep out fine particulate matter and hence protect the wearers from breathing in the smoke particles in the air. So,the mask should be changed when it gets soiled or distorted in shape.In istance,nowadays people keep on wearing the surgical masks and paper masks although knowing that those masks does not adequate protection from haze particles.On the one hand,those masks main purpose is to prevent the spread body fluids and does not filter the air particles.Here it is really true that we should wear suitable mask during haze so that we can avoid from infected by any disease that can cause harm.
In a conclusion,