An Overview Of Culminating Performance Task Sciences Paper

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Peninsula Harbour is located near the northern incline of Lake Superior. It stretches around four kilometres inwards and spans about 100 km2. It is known for its pristine beaches and boosting countries. Although no town sits straight on the Peninsula Harbour, it is located near the Town of Marathon, in the territory of Thunder Bay. The town is about the median between the metropolis of Thunder Bay and Sault Ste. Marie. The metropolis is one of the Michigans along the Canadian Pacific Railway. Peninsula Harbour was one time occupied by the First Nation tribes that controlled Northern Ontario. It was foremost explored by Etienne Brule who led the manner for Gallic adventurers. The country was used to a great extent for fur trade and brought in tonss of bargainers. After the colony of the Europeans, it became a beltway between Western Canada and in-migration into Eastern Canada. It became portion of the Thunder Bay District after the formation of the state of Ontario. Thunder Bay District is presently both a provincial and federal county territory. The history of the Town of Marathon much affects the Peninsula Harbour of today. It changed its name several times, get downing with Peninsula to Everest and so eventually to its current name Marathon. The metropolis is home to around 4000 people and 1000s of visitants every twelvemonth. The town and part was built upon a mush factory owned by Marathon Corporation of Wisconsin which the town was named after. While the factory helped the economic system enormously, it introduced chemicals used in the pulping procedure that were unsafe to the environment. After the prostration of the mush industry, gold was found around the town and operations began. The gold excavation procedure began and different wastes were introduced into the H2O. The Peninsula Harbour suffers from many environmental issues caused by its historical carelessness. Most are caused by its big sum of contaminated deposits. Thingss like wood fiber from the mush Millss contaminate the deposit and degrade lake-bottom communities because of waste. Besides, chemicals that were banned from waterways like PBC and quicksilver are still found in the deposit of the Peninsula Harbour.
B ) Describe some of the current preservation, protection enterprises and/or ordinances that are in topographic point to protect your AOC Many alleviation enterprises by different groups are assisting to salvage the wildlife and ecosystem in the Peninsula Harbour. Governmental organisations like Environmental Canada and the Province of Canada have joined together to go through the Remedial Action Plan. The program calls for unequivocal actions to forestall ecosystem devastation. Environmental Canada is besides implementing sediment direction schemes in the Peninsula Harbour and other Areas of Concern to assist protect the ecosystems. Another group, the Great Lakes Commission, compromised of 8 provinces which have boundary lines around the Great Lakes. The committee seeks to recommend and inform people about the jobs of the Great Lakes. Many Non-Governmental Organizations are besides assisting the Peninsula Harbour. One outstanding illustration is Bird Studies Canada. Their mission is increase the cognition of the citizen ‘s apprehension of the issues impacting the Great Lakes. They produce annuals studies that detail the Areas of Concern around the Great Lakes. Another group, the Eco Superior Environmental Program is a non-profit group of persons that supports plans and enterprises to cut down different chemicals and prevent environmental harm to the Thunder Bay part of Lake Superior.

II. Ecology
a ) Description of current aquatic life and tellurian including any illustrations of nutrient ironss and nutrient webs. Peninsula Harbour is home to a choice few species of amphibious vehicles, birds, and fishes. Even though Lake Superior has a big sum of H2O, it is non extremely populated because of dirt conditions and inferior clime conditions. Of the vegetations and zoologies that do populate at that place, they have high opposition to the deepness and deficiency of heat in the lake. Peninsula Harbour contains many of the animate beings that travel freely between different Areas of Concern and the Harbour itself. For that ground, general animate beings found in Lake Superior will be included every bit good as specific illustrations. The aquatic life in Peninsula Harbour is really active with fish and workss. Over 70 species of fish live in and around the country. Most of those fish are adapted to cold conditions like trout, lake whitefish, lake sturgeon, and smallmouth bass. They eat insects populating in and around the H2O. The insects eat workss which are found in the tellurian and aquatic ecosystem. The fish besides eat crustaceans like spiny lobster. The crustaceans feed upon plankton, which are little beings in the H2O. Plants that exist in the Peninsula Harbour include Muskgrass, Coontail, Waterweed, and Water Stargrass. Depending on the season, workss like Wild Celery can besides be found along the shores. The top carnivores in most of the nutrient ironss are the sea lamper eel and the fen birds. The decomposers include sea snails and bacteriums found in the H2O. The tellurian ecosystem is really different from its aquatic opposite number. While most of Peninsula Harbour ‘s Area of Concern lies in Lake Superior, the shoreline and land beside the preservation country is really of import to the aquatic ecosystem. They are linked in many ways through the animate beings that travel through both ecosystems. The tellurian life in Peninsula Harbour is many based upon land animate beings that have dealingss to the aquatic environment. Examples most common include toads, fen birds, and insects. Marsh Birds like the coot and the common snipe provender upon by and large little fish like a turning trout. The insects populating in the ecosystem tend to feed upon the workss in the country. The toads are eat the insects, nevertheless non many animate beings eat the toad, because of its versatility in land and H2O.
B ) Describe two of the undermentioned facets of your country: fishing and dirt quality. Fishing and the dirt quality in Marathon and the Peninsula Harbour is really of import and extremely related together. Marathon has much of its industries based non merely on the natural resources of forestry and gold-mining, but besides on fishing. Fishing is of import because it plays a function in both the fishing Industry but besides touristry. The fish is both sold to consumers but the touristry of the country brings tonss of people. The most normally fished is the trout, which is the most abundant. However, because of assorted grounds, the entire stocks in fish have dropped. Environmentalists and environmentalists have worked with local and provincial authoritiess to put quotas and prohibitions on fishing. However, touristry fishing is still allowed. The dirt quality affects the fish really much because of the affiliated ecosystem ironss. The dirt provides foods to the workss which are so eaten up the nutrient concatenation until they reach the fish. The dirt quality is really low compared to ordinary dirt. It is filled with chemicals from ore-mining and dusts like wood fiber from the pulping factory. Besides, polychlorinated biphenyl ( PCB ) is really concentrated in the dirt because of harmful waste direction patterns. It went into the dirt and waste like sewerage where besides dumped without intervention. These are one of the major factors into its integrating into the Area of Concerns plan which helps cover with these jobs.
degree Celsius ) Aquatic and tellurian beings that are endangered, threatened and nonextant Despite preservation attempts to seek and assist different species in Peninsula Harbour combat increasing toxins and non-native species, many animate beings and workss are going endangered, threatened, although none have been declared nonextant. Nationally, there are three aquatic species classified as endangered, six classified as threatened, and five as vulnerable. Another 400 species are recognized by local or provincial authoritiess as species of particular concern. Surprisingly, about 300 of them are workss. Different types of aquatic animate beings such as fish and molluscs have been most vulnerable to extinction. Mollusks such as lake musca volitans and eastern pondmussels have had their home grounds taken over by invasive species. Fish like lake sturgeon, redside Leuciscus leuciscus, and northern madtom have had their population diminution dramatically. Many tellurian animate beings are besides endangered or threatened. The most outstanding illustrations are the marsh birds that live on the fish and molluscs. As their population diminutions, the fen birds are besides affected. Besides, because of bioamplification, the marsh birds like Peregrine falcon and short-eared bird of Minerva, which are on the top of the nutrient concatenation, have the most toxins in them. Besides, another set of endangered species are the workss. As antecedently mentioned, out of the 400 species considered to be of particular concern, over A? of them are workss. Plants like the longleaf arnica and rose-colored cat’s foots have faced tough environments for turning because of dirt degrading through improper patterns like junking. vitamin D ) List of any known invasive species and the consequence on the ecosystem Many non-native species have had profound impacts on the current conditions of Lake Superior and Peninsula Harbour in peculiar. They come in through different ways like ballast discharge and cultivation. When they are introduced, the nutrient web and concatenation alterations dramatically because the new alien coinage has no natural marauder in the entered ecosystem. Endangering species like the sea lamper eel have been introduced through the canals the connected the Great Lakes together. They are aggressive marauders, eating about all types of fish including lake sturgeon and trout. Due to them, the sum of fish being captured dropped over 50 % over the old ages. Other invasive species include the zebra mussel and the unit of ammunition gudgeon. Both species have highly high birth rates and spread out sharply. Zebra Mussels take nutrient and foods that little fish demand and eat it ; besides, they fill up about every solid bedrock infinite available. They have wiped out the bing mussels with their enlargement. The unit of ammunition gudgeon is a little fish that eats eggs of fishes and moves into environments that are suited for fish-growing. They remove the old fish and expand quickly.
III. Chemistry
a ) Describe any info on the quality of H2O in your country and explicate the assorted types of chemical trials that may be performed to prove H2O quality. Peninsula Harbour ‘s H2O quality is reasonably high in comparing to other Areas of Concern. Through legion trials, it has shown that the country has been bettering. Different H2O quality indexes are used to find the habitableness of the H2O. Indexes include pH graduated table, Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature, and Per Cent Light Transmission. Recent trials show Peninsula Harbour degrees vibrating about 7.9 pH to 8.1 pH. To happen the pH degree for the H2O, a litmus trial is done, the more bluish the more basic it is. If the consequence is ruddy, the H2O is acidic. Another illustration the sum of Dissolved Oxygen, in which the Winkler Test is used. The sum of Dissolved Oxygen shows how much organisms the H2O can keep, which can be placed with the Biological Oxygen Demand to state the current conditions of the H2O. Temperature is a really good trial of H2O quality because some species of fish and aquatic workss can merely populate under certain conditions. Temperature is found utilizing a thermometer. Per Cent Light Transmission is a step of how cloudy the H2O is, or how clear it is from deposit. A visible radiation is brassy upon the surface and a step of how much is reflected consequences in the per centum. Peninsula Harbour has a really high mark on this trial, intending that the H2O is really clean in most topographic points. The salt, a step of the salt in the H2O, and the phosphate degree, how much phosphate is in the H2O, is both found by making trials in the H2O. B ) Description of the types of chemical pollutants and contaminations impacting the country Many different pollutants affect Peninsula Harbour and its ecosystem. Chemical pollutants include toxic chemicals like quicksilver and polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) . Mercury is a extremely toxicant chemical that accumulates in the fish and shellfish that live in the Peninsula Harbour. Because of bioamplification, the quicksilver gathered in the early trophic degrees become more concentrated as the nutrient concatenation goes up. PCBs are carcinogenic compounds which have been known to do serious harm to the organic structure. PCBs were outstanding in many different public-service corporations before they were declared insecure. Many of them were dumped into rivers and lakes without 2nd idea. When animate beings come in contact with PCBs, they face serious heath effects like liver harm and anaemia. They besides lower the immune system, doing fishes and shellfishes to decease much Oklahoman. There are besides tonss of physical contaminations in Peninsula Harbour. They include signifiers like wood fiber and silt. Physical contaminations increase the turbidness of the H2O. Turbidity is the step of the quality of the H2O, or how clean it is. Besides, physical contaminations pollute deposit with unusual signifiers of land bed which workss need to turn upon. When tonss of them are placed together, they besides destroy old fish communities. degree Celsius ) Major industries in the country that are subscribers to the pollution in your country. As antecedently mentioned, the metropolis has been based upon natural resource extraction since its creative activity. The first company in which Marathon was named upon was the Marathon Corporation of Wisconsin. It was a pulp-mill, which relied on different natural resources around Marathon like forestry. The pulping procedure used different chemicals to make the finished merchandise. Besides, remnant merchandises and fresh points like wood fiber were besides created in the procedure. Because of deficiency of environmental cognition, most of those points were dumped into Lake Superior. The consequence was the slow degrading point of the dirt environment. Another industry, gold excavation, besides produced pollution into Peninsula Harbour. Gold excavation uses chemicals to take away the gold ore from the pure concentrated gold. These chemicals were neglected and slipped into the waterways during spring-runoff. The chemicals affect the works and the H2O life around Peninsula Harbour. The ore was besides dumped in and around the country, taking infinite for workss to turn. Besides, the extraction procedure exudes a big sum of C dioxide ( CO2 ) which amendss the local environment. These industries are really of import to the town because it is the major employer in the country. Many service-sector occupations are connected to this primary occupation calling. These types of towns built upon logging and excavation industries are really fluid throughout the full Canada. Many metropoliss are built upon logging cantonments and excavation companies.
IV. Physicss
a ) Describe and supply illustrations of the types of transit in and around your AOC The Peninsula Harbour is a beltway between Southern Ontario and Western Ontario. It besides serves as a beltway between different parts of the Lake Superior traffic. Incoming ships from the other Great Lakes to Thunder Bay and Western United States go through the Soo Locks, a series of canals that bypass St. Mary ‘s River, where there is rapids. Therefore, transportation is besides a manner of transit in Peninsula Harbour. Ships are able to travel across to the United States or every bit far as the Atlantic Ocean through different locks and the Great Lakes. Besides, Marathon is located really near to the Trans-Canada Highway 17, the route which spans the Pacific to Atlantic Ocean. The Highway 17 is interjected by the Peninsula Road, once called Highway 626. It leads from Highway 17 to Marathon, for about 2 kilometres. Marathon is besides beside the Canadian Pacific Railway, which is near to the town. Last, the metropolis is besides served by a little airdrome called the Marathon Airport. The airdrome serves the community and the industries when executives fly in and out of the part.
V. Weather




Date


Temperature


Pressure


Precipitation




December 7, 2008


– 20 °C


102.46 kPa


Light Snow




December 8, 2008


– 8 °C


102.20 kPa


None




December 9, 2008


– 18 °C


100.85 kPa


Light Snow




December 10, 2008


-10 °C


101.03 kPA


Light Snow




December 11, 2008


– 16 °C


101.65 kPA


Isolated Bustles




December 12, 2008


– 11 °C


101.44 kPa


Light Snow




December 13, 2008


– 13 °C


101. 08 kPA


None




a ) Create a chart that tracks weather forms in your country for 7 yearss B ) Describe how the lake affects the clime of the country. Peninsula Harbour sits on the 3rd largest lake in the universe by surface country. Therefore, Lake Superior has a monolithic consequence on the clime of the country. Because of the lake, the metropolis, Marathon, and the Area of Concern in Peninsula Harbour is greatly affected by the H2O. The H2O increases precipitation for the country because of vaporization and condensation. Bustles and snowfalls coupled with rain, happens more than other metropoliss north of the country. Besides, the lake causes the clime of the part to be really humid and the force per unit area, really high. It is because of the warm air trapped in the summer as the H2O evaporates. In the winter, tonss of snow is expected and the temperature is really cold. The lake besides provides a moderating consequence for the H2O. Water, because of its heat capacity, shops heat and lets off heat much less than the land around it. That means that the temperature of the part is stable, compared to parts without H2O.
VI. Bibliography
“ Aquatic Invasive Species ( AIS ) . ” 25 Nov. 2008. University of Minnesota. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.seagrant.umn.edu/ais/ & gt ; . Clark, Bruce, John K. Wallace, and Kim Earle. Making Connections: Canada ‘s Geography. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education Canada, 2006. “ The Fish of Lake Superior. ” Fish of Lake Superior/Fish of the Great Lakes by Wisconsin Sea Grant. 11 Feb. 2002. University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.seagrant.wisc.edu/greatlakesfish/lakesupfishindex.html & gt ; . Marsden, John. “ Lake Superior. ” 2002. Environment Canada. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.epa.gov/solec/solec_2002/presentations/lake_superior_ ( marsden ) .pdf & gt ; . “ Marsh Bird and Amphibious Communities in the. ” 2006. Bird Studies Canada. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.bsc-eoc.org/download/mmp-aoc % 20peninsula % 20harbour.pdf & gt ; . “ 1994 Lake Superior Water Quality Vertical Profile. ” 25 May 1997. Environmental Protection Agency. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.epa.gov/emap/html/data/greatlak/data/sup94/water/lsctd94.txt & gt ; . “ Parks Canada – Lake Superior. ” Arks Canada – Lake Superior. 17 Nov. 2006. Parks Canada. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.pc.gc.ca/progs/amnc-nmca/systemplan/itm4-/gla2_e.asp & gt ; . “ Peninsula Harbour Area of Concern. ” Canadian Remedial Action Plans – Peninsula Harbour Area of Concern. 24 Feb. 2008. Environment Canada. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ec.gc.ca/raps-pas/default.asp? lang=en & A ; n=fd4765b0-1 & gt ; . Ritter, Robert J. Nelson Science 9. Upper Saddle River: Nelson Education Limited, 1995. Schloesser, Donald W. “ Current Lake Superior Conditions. ” GLIN – Current Lake Superior Conditions. 17 Sept. 2008. Great Lakes Information Network. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.great-lakes.net/conditions/superior.html & gt ; . Schloesser, Donald W. “ Introduction. ” Introduction. Jan. 1986. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.mlswa.org/underwaterplantguide/introduction.htm & gt ; . “ The State of Lake Superior in 2000. ” July 2002. Great Lakes Fishery Commission. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.glfc.org/pubs/specialpubs/sp07_2.pdf & gt ; . “ State of the Great Lakes 2005. ” 2005. Environment Canada. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //binational.net/solec/english/solec % 202004/indicator % 20summary % 20series/lake % 20superior % 20- % 20tagged.pdf & gt ; . “ Weather Prognosis: Marathon, Ontario. ” Weather Forecast: Marathon, Ontario – The Weather Network. 13 Dec. 2008. Weather Network. 13 Dec. 2008 & A ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.theweathernetwork.com/weather/caon0407 & gt ; .

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