The third line is italicised to indicate that this is not what the persona is saying but his boss/manager. Plus, the word “fired” is short and this emphasises the word to show seriousness and that there is no negotiation. As a result, we feel sympathy for him and the pressure the man is under.
However, when he picks up the Hitcher we are able to see contrast in the two characters. For instance, the persona is trapped under society’s law and he has many worries especially about work, but the Hitcher is the entire opposite. The Hitcher’s character is totally contradictory to the persona since he is free and has much more relaxed lifestyle.
But, this caused major jealousy because the Hitcher does not have any care in the world, so he “let him have it.” He uses this colloquial term to some up what he was doing in a pleasant way, this reflects his lack of remorse and that he is reassuring himself that he hasn’t done anything wrong. This disgusts us and gives us a shock because the whole attitude of this persona has changed. We sense the man’s anger and violence especially because he hit him “six times with a krooklok.” We are shocked by this because this is an excessive number.
Also, the horrific image of a man “bouncing off the kerb” in stanza 4 was astounding because this shows the violence of how hard he was pushed and the speed of the car.
Use of irony and sarcasm was used as well because the hitchhiker said “he liked the breeze” when he got kicked out of the car. He didn’t throw the guy out of the car to do him a favour as suggested. This device is basically is mocking him because this man is seriously disturbed.
Finally, the last stanza reminds us of a weather man as he says “the day was moderate.” This is a tone of an ordinary weather forecast, the reason why he said this s that all his anger is drained out. This is very disturbing because has no remorse and he can switch off his sub conscious just like that.
Carol Ann Duffy
Before You Were Mine
Subject – It is about a girl (Duffy) who wanted her fun “bold girl winking” mum back.
Meaning – It is about that the loss of glamour and youth, as we get older. It is a process we all go through and cannot change. Especially, children will change everything because parents have a lot more responsibility. However, not all is lost, as we are able to see this as Duffy’s mother “teach her the steps on the way home from Mass” of the “Cha cha cha!”
Imagery – there is a lot of visual imagery in this poem, as she is looking through the photo alum. It is a poem inspired by an image, by a photograph. The poet cannot fully connect with, cannot fully experience, the world of the ‘young’ mother because of this. But she does reflect to her past memorise of her “in those high heeled red shoes, relics.”
Language – The poet uses first person pronouns such as “my” and “mine” which is very possessive, to show possession and ownership of the mother, because she is a child. We get the sense of the demands a small child puts on a mother. She also uses a Rhetorical Question – “the decade ahead of my loud possessive yell was the best one, eh?” she is using sarcasm here, because clearly we know that this is was not the “best one.” The reason why she uses this is because there is a sense of regret from the poet, because she stopped her from being that “bold winking girl.”
Emotion/Effect – The effect of these language devices makes us feel as if the poet is selfish and we somewhat feel sorry for her because from the all these language devices we can gather that she is has an insecure character – because she expresses her ownership and somewhat feels bad for her mother as if it is her fault, but it really wasn’t – because all children are “possessive.”