PSY GT Critical Thinking Article Analysis Paper Department-Wide Paper

Published: 2021-09-03 00:00:13
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Category: Mental Health

Type of paper: Essay

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Stress, pain, and anxiety management with effective hypnosis during dental anesthetic infiltration. The stress and anxiety before going to the dentist can make the procedure or check up for the child or adult very uncomfortable. Not only for the patients but also for the doctor making it difficult to accomplish the task. Hypnosis or distractions are used in pediatric practices and adult practices. The hypnosis and distractions are used to help with clinical treatment situations when trying to change the attitude, behavior, thinking, and perception of a patient. Not only does it change the situation it increases cooperation and confidence of the patient. People fear the dentist because they most likely experienced a procedure that put them in a state of psychological distress. Psychological distress is a level of emotion that creates an unpleasant feeling affecting the level of function of the patient and can interfere with the daily life style of a patient. Once a patient has had a traumatic experience they become afraid and stop going to the dentist which in some cases can cause serious health issues. When a patient is afraid they experience a higher level of pain than a patient who is not afraid, in some cases they may over exaggerate the pain and cause scenes. It has mainly been seen in children or teenagers. In some cases when the patient is already under the influence of an anesthetic they may cause a bigger scene and may even have unnecessary movement during a procedure which may cause the dentist to cause damage in the oral region.

Relevance of Context
There was a study published in 2017 about hypnosis and conventional methods to show the effectiveness of behavior management in anxiety, pain, stress reduction during dental procedures. The study was done with a control group and an experimental group. Both groups were composed of children ages ranged from five to nine years. Both groups were sat down in the dentist’s chair and given headphones. The control group was given headphones, but they were used to quiet the sound of the dentist’s drill and the kids did not have music playing during the procedure. Meanwhile the experiment group was also given headphones, but they got to listen to “classis hypnosis intervention.” The intervention had a standard three-minute progressive muscle relaxation induction which then switched to a five-minute deepening process which targeted the patient’s information absorption, focus, and concertation. During the process of the intervention playing the goal was to get the child’s mind off the thought of experiencing pain and start to think about something else. During the procedure they were also asked to imagine a nice beautiful place they would like to be, like a park or their own little world. As this was all happening the dentist put a medication that had no taste and felt like water and it would make their mouth feel funny and once it did the dentist had no problems with injecting the child with the anesthetic. After the injection the patient was completely functioning and cooperating and listened to what the doctor said. The Procedure would go fast and easy and they patient felt nothing.
Identify Assumptions
Assumptions identified included were the parents’ consent for the procedure and test to happen. It was also ethically assumed for this test to happen and no patients or parents were seriously injured or had freak accidents. Before the test was done it was hypothesized that hypnosis would work, and the study was measured by the heart rate of the patient. It seems to be assumed that the patient was nervous in both the control and experimental group. I assume both groups were given the same treatment except for the hypnosis tape being played in the headphones. It is assumed that the age of a child has the same heart rate in the age group of five to nine. The patients assumed they were going to a regular dental checkup but not only that I believe the children were too young to understand what was happening even if the explanation from the doctor was simplified for the children to understand. How would one assume that this works on adults, is there a test explaining this or has it been tested? I would assume most of these children were not afraid of the dentist unless the dentist handpicked these kids out of a random drawing. It is very easy to assume this is not a random test rather than a controlled. Since this test was only done on 40 kids and was controlled it is assumed that it does not matter of age, gender, religion, height, weight, metabolism, immune system, or how fast the numbing agent wears off for hypnosis to work.
Understand Implications and Make Conclusions
Implications of this test are problems the parents or children could give to the people doing the testing. Having the parent’s cooperation of the child but not the child’s cooperation, it may fight back refuse to have the test done or be stubborn and not do anything the doctor says like most children do. There could be a problem with the ethical side of the issue, some people may not see it right to do these types of tests on children even if the parents are okay with it. The errors that could have happened such as misreading of the charts from the systems taking the vitals, or system malfunctions. Failure of the child to participate or the benefit. There could be a small conclusion to the experiment done which is that children who are not afraid of the dentist just the noises that the tools make could also give false responses to the machines. Overall the study shows that it is possible to calm people who are afraid with hypnosis for stressful/painful situations. It seems to be the biggest thing is to get the person mind off the current situation, change the topic make random conversation. It could have possibly worked if there was something for the child to watch such as cartoons or even get to listen to their favorite music. Maybe even have something happening in the background that distracts the patient. The main reason this worked was because the child was distracted by the intervention and by going to the happy place. Part 2 – Reflection on Diversity and Global Learning

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