Purification of water Paper

Published: 2021-09-11 17:25:08
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Category: Chemistry

Type of paper: Essay

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Wide range of environmental pollution caused by world wild industrialization and population growth has led to water shortage. Olue the above problem lowers the quality of human life & wastes a lots of money world wild every year. Water purification is one main solution for above problem. In This project we have made an effort to use charcoal and graphene membrane as a medium for purification of water. Thin sheets of graphene which is carbon based material and which has the potential to deliver large quantities of clean water via desalination absorption distillation and the removal of pollutants.
1. Introduction
2. Reverse Engineering
3. Empathy Mapping canvas
4. Mind Mapping
5. Ideation Canvas
6. Product Development Canvas
7. AEIOU Canvas
8. Learning Need Matrix
9. Fast Prototype Layout
Purification of water by charcoal and graphene membrane both material are carbon based and carbon has been used for water purification for centuries
In which charcoal has ability to absorb harmful chemicals from water it can absorb as much as 200-300 time its weight. They filter out particals of size 0.5 to 50 micromeres
In which graphene membrane work more quickly because the properties of the material increase the flow of water, despite the Nano sized pore and membrane filter coated with graphene film without the film the filtration rate dropped by half in 72 hours.
These Process uses Magnets which helps us to remove heavy metal impurities from water, then after it flows through Gravels and Silver Filter dise charcoal which prevents the growth of bacteria followed by filtration with use of charcoal and a cloth is with 50% silver thread slitches. The process of treatment ends up passing through Graphene filter an UV Light at other end which will remove Additional bacteria and viruses.
Definition: Reverse Engineering also called as Back Engineering, is the process of extracting knowledge or design information from any man-made thing and then reproducing it by following the Design process. Thus from a user’s point of view, there may be a need to modify some features or to add some features.
These are second step of the project or problem. In this canvas, you have to find out what are users to your problems? Who are stake holders? What are activity? And what are broad stories of their activities?
USER: Local people, industrial, agricultural, municipality workers.
STAKE HOLDERS: Stakeholders is municipality, industrial, local people.
ACTIVITY: Identifying source of water, identify quantity of waste water, checking the quality of waste water.
After the purification of water by charcoal, the treated water was healthy life, which treated the chlorine, odor, taste & volatile Organic compound present in water.
Now a days with the use of purified water obtained by charcoal, the children are now more active and passing a healthy life.
One there was a party organised in a village where the water was served but people were not interested to drink because that water contain bad taste an odor.
Years ago the people of villagers used to wash their clothes in nearby lakes as well as they were using some water for their domestic and drinking purpose excessive contamination of water result due to their regular activities and disease are spread.
Graphic technique for visualising connection between several ideas or pieces of information. Each idea or fact is written down and they linked by lines or curves to its major or minor idea or fact, thus creating a web of relationships.
There are mainly 5 things you have to define.
USER: Researches, Local people, Industrial, Environmental Engineer
CUSTOMER REVALIDATION: Clean water, less water pollution, Healthy life.
ADVANTAGES: Low operational costs, Low sludge production, Eco friendly
OBJECTS: Charcoal, Incubator, PH meter, Gravel, Graphene Membrane, Silver filter disc.
From the empathy mapping canvas, you have an idea what are the people involved in this project? In ideation canvas you have to carry out which type of activities is related to your project and people? What is situation and location regarding to activities? Then after you find the possible solution. Is it depend or not. Depend to your activities.
PEOPLE: Local people, Researchers, Municipality, Industrial.
ACTIVITIES: Identifying source of waste water, Checking the quality of waste water, checking quantity of waste water
LOCATION: Domestic area, Laboratory, Characteristic of waste, atmospheric condition.
PROPS: Charcoal filter, PH meter, BOD analyser, COD analyser, UV lamp, Magnet, Tank, Sand, Graphene membrane, Gravel.
This step is about development of the product. Define purpose. What are the experience when you compare it with other product? Problems for its application and its solution. What are the components used for its model. Following things is to do.
PURPOSE: Removal of taste, removal of odor, removal of volatile organic compound, removal of sediments, removal of chlorine, for drinking
PEOPLE: Researchers, local people, municipality workers.
PRODUCT EXPERIENCE: Eco friendly Water saving, Energy saving.
PRODUCT FUNCTIONS: Reuse of water, purification of water.
PRODUCT FEATURES: Collection and conveyers, Characterisation.
1464945952500COMPONENTS: charcoal, sand, gravels, cloth with 50% silver thread slitches, grapheme filters and UV light.
CUSTOMER REVALIDATION: Clean water, less water pollution, Healthy life.
It is commonly used for coding observation data. Organisational framework help designers to capture key details in observation, and AEIOU are very easy mnemonic device to remember what to look for and write down.
ACTIVITIES: Identify source of Water, Checking quantity of Water, Checking quality of Water, Identify waste Water.
ENVIRONMENTS: Domestic area, Conveyors system of water, Climate change, Industrial area, Collection of water.
INTERACTION: Environmental Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Civil Engineers, Researchers.
OBJECTS: Charcoal, Gravel, Silver filter disc, COD Analyser, BOD Analyser Graphene Membrane, PH meter.
USERS: Local people, Agriculture, Municipality, Researchers, Industrial.
Learning need matrix has a fundamental role in education. It helps you to find out which method/theories you need to learn which application process is involved. What are the component used in the product and analysis of each and every individual components and the environment required for its working.
Purpose/product concept: – Generation of electricity using speed breaker.
There are 3 stages in which the learning process is divided
During stage-1:
Basic idea and the use of rack and pinion mechanism to produce electricity.
Different drawbacks we have dealt with are listed below;
a. In India, the speed breaker are of rigid type, made of steel or with tar.
b. The springs used for mechanism get damaged due to load Fluctuations.
For the above mentioned challenges the solutions we have opted for are;
We are making the speed breaker of vibrating type it gets depressed and gets back to its original position.
The springs should be selected in such a way that it can achieve proper balance of speed and torque

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